Intracranial mechanical thrombectomy of large vessel occlusions in the posterior circulation using SAVE
Maus, Volker ; Styczen, Hanna ; Liman, Jan ; Maier, Ilko ; Brehm, Alex ; Tsogkas, Ioannis ; Psychogios, Marios-Nikos
Citable Link (URL):http://resolver.sub.uni-goettingen.de/purl?gs-1/16506
BACKGROUND: Mechanical thrombectomy (MT) using stent retriever assisted vacuum-locked extraction (SAVE) is a promising method for anterior circulation strokes. We present our experience with SAVE for large vessel occlusions (LVO) of the posterior circulation. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed 66 consecutive MT patients suffering from LVO of the posterior circulation. Primary endpoints were first-pass and overall complete/near complete reperfusion, defined as a modified thrombolysis in cerebral infarction (mTICI) score of 2c and 3. Secondary endpoints contained number of passes, time interval from groin puncture to reperfusion and rate of postinterventional symptomatic intracranial hemorrhage (sICH). RESULTS: Median age was 75 years (interquartile range (IQR) 54-81 years). Baseline median National Institutes of Health stroke scale (NIHSS) was 13 (IQR 8-21). Fifty-five (83%) patients had LVO of the basilar artery and 11 (17%) of the posterior cerebral artery. Eighteen (27%) patients were treated with SAVE and 21 (32%) with aspiration only. First pass mTICI2c or 3 and overall mTICI2c or 3 were documented in 11/18 (61%) and 14/18 (78%) with SAVE and in 4/21 (19%) and 13/21 (33%) with aspiration only. Median attempt was 1 (IQR 1-2) with SAVE and 2 (IQR 1-4) with aspiration (p = 0.0249). Median groin to reperfusion time did not differ significantly between groups. The rate of sICH was 5% without any complications in the SAVE cohort. CONCLUSION: Mechanical thrombectomy of posterior large vessel occlusions with SAVE is feasible, safe, and effective with high rates of near-complete and complete reperfusion.