Bismuth Oxide Faceted Structures as a Photocatalyst Produced Using an Atmospheric Pressure Plasma Jet
Citable Link (URL):http://resolver.sub.uni-goettingen.de/purl?gs-1/16545
The photocatalyst bismuth oxide, which is active under visual light, was deposited using an atmospheric pressure plasma jet (APPJ). Sixteen di erent samples were generated under di erent parameters of the APPJ to investigate their catalytic activity. The prepared samples were characterized using X-ray di raction (XRD), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), laser scanning microscopy (LSM), and UV–vis di use reflectance absorption spectroscopy. The measured data, such as average sample thickness, coverage ratio, phase fraction, chemical composition, band gap, and photocatalytic performance were used for comparing the samples. The XRD analysis showed that the deposition process produced a mixed phase of monocline Bi2O3 and tetragonal Bi2O2.33. Using the Rietveld refinement method, phase fractions could be determined and compared with the XPS data. The non-stoichiometric phases were influenced by the introduction of nitrogen to the surface as a result of the deposition process. The band gap calculated from the di use absorption spectroscopy shows that Bi2O2.33 with 2.78 eV had a higher band gap compared to the phases with a high proportion of Bi2O3 (2.64 eV). Furthermore, it was shown that the band gap was dependent on the thickness of the sample and oxygen vacancies or loss of oxygen in the surface. All coatings had degraded methyl orange (MO) under irradiation by xenon lamps.