Branched flow and caustics in nonlinear waves
Citable Link (URL):http://resolver.sub.uni-goettingen.de/purl?gs-1/16697
Rogue waves, i.e.high amplitude fluctuations in random wave fields, have been studied in several contexts, ranging from optics via acoustics to the propagation of ocean waves. Scattering by disorder, like current fields and wind fluctuations in the ocean, as well as nonlinearities in the wave equations provide widely studied mechanisms for their creation. However, the interaction of these mechanisms is largely unexplored. Hence, we study wave propagation under the concurrent influence of geometrical (disorder) and nonlinear focusing in the (current-modified) nonlinear Schrödinger equation.Weshow how nonlinearity shifts the onset distance of geometrical (disorder) focusing and alters the peak intensities of the fluctuations.Wefind an intricate interplay of both mechanisms that is reflected in the observation of optimal ratios of nonlinearity and disorder strength for the generation of rogue waves.