The Preparation and Preliminary Characterisation of Three Synthetic Andesite Reference Glass Materials (ARM‐1, ARM‐2, ARM‐3) for In Situ Microanalysis
Wu, Shitou ; Wörner, Gerhard ; Jochum, Klaus Peter ; Stoll, Brigitte ; Simon, Klaus ; Kronz, Andreas
Citable Link (URL):http://resolver.sub.uni-goettingen.de/purl?gs-1/16907
Journal Article (Published version)
Three synthetic reference glasses were prepared by directly fusing and stirring 3.8 kg of high-purity oxide powders to provide reference materials for microanalytical work. These glasses have andesitic major compositions and are doped with fifty-four trace elements in nearly identical abundance (500, 50, 5 µg g-1) using oxide powders or element solutions, and are named ARM-1, 2 and 3, respectively. We further document that sector-field (SF) ICP-MS (Element 2 or Element XR) is capable of sweeping seventy-seven isotopes (from 7Li to 238U, a total of sixty-eight elements) in 1 s and, thus, is able to quantify up to sixty-eight elements by laser sampling. Micro- and bulk analyses indicate that the glasses are homogeneous with respect to major and trace elements. This paper provides preliminary data for the ARM glasses using a variety of analytical techniques (EPMA, XRF, ICP-OES, ICP-MS, LA-Q-ICP-MS and LA-SF-ICP-MS) performed in ten laboratories. Discrepancies in the data of V, Cr, Ni and Tl exist, mainly caused by analytical limitations. Preliminary reference and information values for fifty-six elements were calculated with uncertainties [2 relative standard error (RSE)] estimated in the range of 1–20%.