Desmoplakin as a Potential Candidate for Cerebrospinal Fluid Marker to Rule Out 14-3-3 False Positive Rates in Sporadic Creutzfeldt-Jakob Disease Differential Diagnosis
Gawinecka, Joanna ; Ciesielczyk, Barbara ; Sanchez-Juan, Pascual ; Schmitz, Matthias ; Heinemann, Uta ; Zerr, Inga
Citable Link (URL):http://resolver.sub.uni-goettingen.de/purl?gs-1/9091
Background: The detection of a 14-3-3 elevated level in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) is a part of the diagnostic criteria for probable sporadic Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (sCJD), as defined by the WHO. However, some pathological conditions associated with acute neuronal damage may result in a positive 14-3-3 test and thereby reduce test specificity in sCJD. Objective: Desmoplakin has been previously identified as up-regulated CSF protein in sCJD and these studies aimed to investigate its diagnostic utility and compare it with two known CSF markers, 14-3-3 and tau. Methods and Results: We tested CSF levels of 14-3-3, tau and desmoplakin in 58 sCJD patients and 81 control patients including 45 cases with an elevated 14-3-3 level due to other disease than sCJD. We detected an elevated CSF level of desmoplakin in 78% of the sCJD patients, while 14-3-3 (88%) and tau (91%) showed a higher positive rate. However, the false positive rate of newly tested desmoplakin was significantly lower in comparison to 14-3-3 and tau, and it accounted for only 11% versus 56% and 35%, respectively. Further reduction of false positive rates was achieved by combination of elevated tau level with a positive desmoplakin test. Moreover, in the non-sCJD group, desmoplakin level did not correlate with the level of both above-mentioned CSF markers, whereas a clear correlation was observed in the sCJD group. Conclusion: Desmoplakin showed a low positive rate accompanied by a very low false positive rate. Thus, we conclude that desmoplakin is a promising candidate for supportive CSF marker to rule out 14-3-3 false positive cases in sCJD differential diagnosis.
Sponsored by EU
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