Items 1-10 of 202
A new paradigm for MAPK: structural interactions of hERK1 with mitochondria in HeLa cells.
(Public Library of Science, 2009)
Extracellular signal-regulated protein kinase 1 and 2 (ERK1/2) are members of the MAPK family and participate in the transduction of stimuli in cellular responses. Their long-term actions are accomplished by promoting the ...
Proteome profiling in murine models of multiple sclerosis: identification of stage specific markers and culprits for tissue damage.
The identification of new biomarkers is of high interest for the prediction of the disease course and also for the identification of pathomechanisms in multiple sclerosis (MS). To specify markers of the chronic disease ...
Septin/anillin filaments scaffold central nervous system myelin to accelerate nerve conduction.
Myelination of axons facilitates rapid impulse propagation in the nervous system. The axon/myelin-unit becomes impaired in myelin-related disorders and upon normal aging. However, the molecular cause of many pathological ...
Simultaneous Quantitative Live Cell Imaging of Multiple FRET-Based Biosensors
We have developed a novel method for multi-color spectral FRET analysis which is used to study a system of three independent FRET-based molecular sensors composed of the combinations of only three fluorescent proteins. ...
Effects of erythropoietin on depressive symptoms and neurocognitive deficits in depression and bipolar disorder
Background: Depression and bipolar disorder are associated with reduced neural plasticity and deficits in memory, attention and executive function. Drug treatments for these affective disorders have insufficient clinical ...
Reconfiguration of respiratory-related population activity in a rostrally tilted transversal slice preparation following blockade of inhibitory neurotransmission in neonatal rats
Recent studies showed that respiratory rhythm generation depends on oscillators located in the pre-Bötzinger complex (pre-BötC) and the parafacial respiratory group (pFRG). To study inhibitory synaptic interactions between ...
Ptf1a triggers GABAergic neuronal cell fates in the retina
Background: In recent years, considerable knowledge has been gained on the molecular mechanisms underlying retinal cell fate specification. However, hitherto studies focused primarily on the six major retinal cell classes ...
Erythropoietin dampens injury-induced microglial motility.
Traumatic brain injury causes progressive brain atrophy and cognitive decline. Surprisingly, an early treatment with erythropoietin (EPO) prevents these consequences of secondary neurodegeneration, but the mechanisms have ...
Alpha-Synuclein affects neurite morphology, autophagy, vesicle transport and axonal degeneration in CNS neurons.
Many neuropathological and experimental studies suggest that the degeneration of dopaminergic terminals and axons precedes the demise of dopaminergic neurons in the substantia nigra, which finally results in the clinical ...
Neurotransmitter-Triggered Transfer of Exosomes Mediates Oligodendrocyte–Neuron Communication
Reciprocal interactions between neurons and oligodendrocytes are not only crucial for myelination, but also for long-term survival of axons. Degeneration of axons occurs in several human myelin diseases, however the ...